Reasoning MCQ-4

DIRECTIONS (Q.1-5) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments. “Strong” arguments must be both important and directly related to the questions. “Weak” arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question.
Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument.
1. Should the Govt restrict use of electricity for each household depending upon the requirement?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will help government tide over the problem of inadequate generation of electricity.
II. No, every citizen has the right to consume electricity as per their requirement as they pay for using electricity.
III. No, the Govt does not have the machinery to put such a restriction on the use of electricity,

(A) Only I is strong
(B) Only II is strong
(C) Only I and II are strong
(D) Only II and III are strong
(E) All I, II and III are strong

Explnation:– Argument I is strong as it attempts to address the power problem from the consumption side. II is weak as it stretches the free market theory a bit too much. Ill is weak because it is false.
2.Should the Govt order closure of all educational institutions for a month to avoid fast spreading of the contagious viral infection?
Arguments: I. No, the closure of educational institutions alone is not the solution for curbing the spread of the viral infection.
II. No, students will visit crowded places like malls, markets, playgrounds etc. in more numbers and spread the disease, as they will have a lot of spare time at their disposal.
III. Yes, young persons are more prone to get affected by the viral infection and hence they should remain indoors,

(A) None is strong
(B) Only I is strong
(C) Only III is strong
(D) Only I and II are strong
(E) All I, II and III are strong

Explnation:– Argument I is weak as it merely tries to evade the issue. II may turn out to be true but it is based on a negative mindset—may be it’s more of an assumption. Hence II is weak. Ill gets into the reason and is therefore strong.
3.Should the Govt ban export of all types of food grains for the next one year to tide over the unpredicted drought situation in the country?
Arguments: I. Yes, there is no other way to provide food to its citizens during the year.
II. No, the Govt does not have its jurisdiction over private exporters for banning exporters.
III. Yes, the Govt should not allow the exporters to export food grains and procure all the food grains held by such exporters and make it available for home consumption.

(A) Only I and II are strong
(B) Only II and III strong
(C) Only I and III are strong
(D) All I, II and III are strong
(E) None of these

Explnation:– I is weak as it is not true. II is also weak on the same grounds. Ill is strong as it elaborates on how banning exports would help tackle the drought situation.
4.Should there be a common syllabus for all subjects in graduate courses in all the universities across the country?
Arguments: I. Yes, this is the only way to spring in uniformity in the education system in the country.
B. Yes, it will help standardize the quality of graduation certificates being given by different universities in the country.
II. No, each universities should have the autonomy to decide its syllabus based on the specific requirement of the university.

(A) None is strong
(B) Only I is strong
(C) Only II is strong
(D) Only I and II are strong
(E) Only II and III are strong

Explnation:– Argument I is weak as it is not true. II is strong as such standardisation is desirable. Ill is also strong as the university-specific requirement’s can’t be overlooked.
5.Should all those students who failed in one or two subjects in HSC be allowed to take admission in degree courses and continue their study, subject to their successfully passing in the supplementary examination?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will help the students to complete their education without a break of one year.
II. Yes, this is a forward-looking strategy to help the students and motivate them for higher studies.
III. No, such students do not choose to continue their studies without having passed in all the subjects in HSC.

(A) Only I is strong
(B) Only II is strong
(C) Only III is strong
(D) Only either II or III and I are strong
(E) None of these

Explnation:– Argument 1 is strong as “one year” does matter in a student’s career. II and III are strong but contradict each other. Since they can’t be true at the same time, either II or III is strong.