Reasoning MCQ-3

DIRECTIONS (Q.1-5) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments. “Strong” arguments must be both important and directly related to the questions. “Weak” arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question.
Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument.
1. Should smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol by the actors be completely banned in the movies in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will significantly reduce the trend of smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol among the youth in India.
II. No, there should be no such ban on the creative pursuits of the filmmaker.
III. No, the films portray the society and hence such scenes should be an integral part of the movie if the storyline demands so.

(A) None is strong
(B) Only I & II are strong
(C) Only II & III are strong
(D) Only I & III are strong
(E) All are strong

Explnation:– I is strong because such a reduction in trends will be a desirable consequence. II is weak as it is silent as to what effect the ban will have on the “creative pursuits.” III is strong because a ban will take away from the power of the portrayal.
2. Should sale of vital human organs be made legal in India?
Arguments: I. No, it goes against our culture.
II. No, this will lead to unhealthy practices.
III. Yes, this will bring an end to the illegal trading of human organs.

(A) None is strong
(B) Only I & II are strong
(C) Only III is strong
(D) Only II & III are strong
(E) All are strong

Explnation:– I is weak because talking of culture is irrelevant in a case which would have made no sense in the absence of modern medical technology. In fact, I is not even true. II is weak because it is simplistic. We are not told what these “unhealthy practices” will be. Ill is weak because it is superfluous.
3. Should the conscription of citizens for defence services be made compulsory in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, this is the only way to tackle the serious shortage of manpower in defence services.
II. No, instead the compensation package be made comparable to other job sectors to attract people to join defence services.
III. Yes, many other countries have made this compulsory,

(A) Only I is strong
(B) Only II is strong
(C) Only I and II are strong
(D) Only either I or II is strong
(E) None of these

Explnation:– I is weak because it is not true. Look at the alternative given in II. But II is also not strong because instead of getting into the reason it provides an alternative. Ill is simplistic and hence weak. It is argument by example.
4. Should the salary and perquisites of public sector undertaking employees to made equivalent to those in the private sector?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will help the public sector undertakings to attract and retain competent workforce.
II. No, public sector undertakings cannot afford to pay salaries to the level of private sector.
III. Yes, otherwise the public sector undertakings will not be able to compete with the private sector organisations,

(A) None is strong
(B) Only III is strong
(C) Only I is strong
(D) Only II is strong
(E) Only I and III are strong

Explnation:– I is strong because competent workforce is desirable.
II is weak because it does not appear to be true for all PSUs. And even if it be true, an argument that takes recourse in helplessness seems to fall short on merit
III is strong because competition is desirable.
5.Should there be a complete ban on registration of new cars for a few months in the big cities in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will significantly reduce the number of cars on the already overcrowded roads of the big cities in India.
II. Yes, the existing car owners will be very happy as they will face less traffic snarls in peak hours.
III. No, this is highly discriminatory against those who decide to buy cars now and hence should not be enforced,

(A) Only I is strong
(B) Only I & III are strong
(C) Only III is strong
(D) All are strong
(E) None of these

Explnation:– I is weak because there is a mismatch of scale. II is weak because it is a trivial reason. Ill is strong because discrimination is undesirable.