Reasoning MCQ-6

DIRECTIONS (Q.1-5): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments. “Strong” arguments must be both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question. Each question below is followed by two arguments’ numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument.
1. Statement: Should the sale of all the toys made in China be banned in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, there are very cheap and hence will put the local toy manufacturers out of business.
II. No, Indian toys are of much better quality and their sale will not be affected.

(A) if only argument I is strong.
(B) if only argument II is strong.
(C) if either argument I or II is strong.
(D) if neither argument I nor II is strong.
(E) if both arguments I and II are strong.

Explnation:– Both the arguments are strong but both can’t be true at the same time. The sale with either be affected (as I says
2. Statement: Should there be no examination up to Std IX in all the schools in India?
Arguments: I. No, students need to go through the process of giving examinations right from young age.
II. Yes, this will help students to think laterally and achieve then creative pursuits.

(A) if only argument I is strong.
(B) if only argument II is strong.
(C) if either argument I or II is strong.
(D) if neither argument I nor II is strong.
(E) if both arguments I and II are strong.

Explnation:– I is strong as school is the ground where we prepare for the future battles of life. II is strong because examinations kill our creativity, turning us all into mere clerks.
3.Statement: Should there be only a uniform rate of income tax irrespective of the level of income?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will substantially reduce the work of the officials of the income tax department.
II. No, this will reduce Govt. tax collection to a large extent.

(A) if only argument I is strong.
(B) if only argument II is strong.
(C) if either argument I or II is strong.
(D) if neither argument I nor II is strong.
(E) if both arguments I and II are strong.

Explnation:– I is weak because reduction of workload of IT officials is not too desirable a motive. II is strong because reduced tax collection will have a bad impact on state activities.
4. Statement: Should there be only two political parties in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, in many developed countries there are only two political parties.
II. No, Indian electorate is not mature to select between only two political parties.

(A) if only argument I is strong.
(B) if only argument II is strong.
(C) if either argument I or II is strong.
(D) if neither argument I nor II is strong.
(E) if both arguments I and II are strong.

Explnation:– I is weak as it is an argument by example. II is weak because it is absurd. In fact, if maturity is really seen as a criteria, lesser maturity would be required when the choice is limited.
5.Statement: Should the sale of tobacco products be restricted to only a few outlets in each city/town?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will substantially reduce consumption of tobacco products.
II. No, those who want to purchase tobacco products should get them at convenient locations.

(A) if only argument I is strong.
(B) if only argument II is strong.
(C) if either argument I or II is strong.
(D) if neither argument I nor II is strong.
(E) if both arguments I and II are strong.

Explnation:– I is strong because reduced tobacco consumption is desirable. II is weak because such convenience is not desirable.