Reading Comprehension-10

DIRECTIONS (Q. -5): Below is given passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
PASSAGE
There has been considerable debate in India regarding the privatization of higher education. In this debate, there is generally an implicit assumption that privatization is essentially the same as corporatization, i.e. private investment comes due to the potential of returns. In the higher education field, privatization and corporatization are actually quite different. Privatization is regarding who controls the educational institute and the role of government in the management and funding of the institute, while corporatization is about making profits. In India, there is no doubt that private not-for-profit universities need to be encouraged to increase education opportunities, and for the fact that there is no other alternative as the government simply cannot create enough public universities to satisfy the demand. However, the guidelines for private not-for-profit universities should be made clear, simple and transparent to ensure that they are truely not for profit and offer a level playing field to all those who might want to set up a private university.
1. Privatization of higher education has yet to make proper shape in India.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
2. Expansion of higher education opportunities in India is needed to meet the increasing demand.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
3. Corporatization of higher education has benefited the students in the developed countries.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
4. Privatization of higher education will lead to commercialization of education in India.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
5. India does not have any extant guidelines for setting up higher educational institutions by private entities.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–