Reading Comprehension-8

DIRECTIONS (Q. 1-5): Below is given passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
PASSAGE
Privatization is no panacea when it comes to education. Nor can high-cost intervention at the tertiary stage produce quality talent. The backbone of quality education is primary schooling. And improving that is not just a question of funding. The government has taken some steps to improve the situation by increasing the percentage of allocation in the budget. But it has done precious little to increase the efficacy of public spending in education. For that is a political and administrative task. Teachers who do not turn up to teach at rural schools (absenteeism is about 30% according to one estimate) and teachers who are not equipped or motivated to teach but continue in service with challenge are part of India1 socio-political reality.
1. Motivating the primary school teachers and improving attendance of these teachers are major challenges in India.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
2. The Indian Govt has not done enough to improve the quality of secondary education.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
3. Govt has been unsuccessful in achieving the desired result in education.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
4. Quality of education is ensured in all the privately run educational institutions in India.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–
5. Allocating more funds in the budget for primary education will substantially improve the quality of education.

(A) The inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(B) The inference is ‘probably true’, though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.
(C) The ‘data are inadequate’, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(D) The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.
(E) The inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Explnation:–