Directions (Q. No. 1 -5 ): Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Most of us use the products of science-railways, aero planes, electricity, wireless and thousands of others without thinking how did they come into existence. We take them for granted, as if we were entitled to them as a matter of right. And we are very proud of the fact that we live in an advanced age and are ourselves so very advanced. Now, there is no doubt that our age is a very different one from previous ages and I think it is perfectly correct to say that it is far more advanced. But that is a different thing from saying that we as individuals or groups are more advanced. It would be the height of absurdity to say that because an engine driver can run an engine and Plato or Socrates could not, the engine driver is more advanced than, or is superior to, Plato or Socrates. But it would be perfectly correct to say that the engine itself is a more advanced method of locomotion than Plato’s chariot was.
1. Which one of the following statements is correct?
(A) An engine driver cannot be compared to Plato or Socrates
(B) Plato or Socrates is in no way inferior to the engine driver
(C) Plato or Socrates surpassed the engine driver in every respect
(D) An engine driver is cleverer than Plato or Socrates
2. People today are very proud because they:
(A) Live in a philosophically advanced age
(B) Live in a spiritually advanced age
(C) Enjoy digital communications
(D) Live in a scientifically advanced age
3. Many of us make use of machines:
(A) with full knowledge of their genesis
(B) without knowing how were they invented
(C) with very little knowledge of their mechanism
(D) without any knowledge of their historical significance
4. In this passage, the writer mentions Plato and Socrates to emphasize that:
(A) they had a great respect for learning
(B) they were men of great scholarship
(C) people as individuals in the modern age are not more advanced than their predecessors
(D) the engine is a better mode of locomotion than Plato’s chariot
5. The antonym of the word absurdity is: